Day of the Dead Bread

Learn to make Day of the Dead bread with this detailed recipe packed with photos and tips. This delicious traditional Mexican sweet bread, known in Spanish as pan de muerto ("bread of the dead"), is eaten during the Day of the Dead.  

Traditional Pan de Muerto Example

Like the Day of the Dead, which reflects diverse cultural traditions, bread of the dead is made in a variety of ways across different regions of Mexico and in other countries which have adapted the recipe to their own tastes. So this means that there aren't any strict guidelines. The basic recipe is simple; you can follow it to make traditional pan de muerto, or give it your own unique twist. I'll spell out some of the variations if you'd like to experiment.

Day of the dead bread can be time-consuming to make but you don't need any special cooking skills. I've had problems with homemade bread before, but bread of the dead is suprisingly easy to get right! It's also a safe recipe for kids who'll love handling the dough and decorating the loaves with icing.

Pan de Muerto Skull Example

In this recipe I'll be demonstrating two main types of day of the dead bread. There is the traditional loaf (upper right), which is topped with strips of dough that resemble bones, and then covered in glaze and sugar. I'll also make a pan de muerto skull (you can make any shape you want) which is decorated with colored icing.

If you'd like a printable summary of this Day of the Dead bread recipe, click here to open a pdf version.

This takes about 4 hours (including rising and baking time) and makes 2 loaves (or more depending on the shapes and sizes you make).

There are two main parts to the recipe: the dough and the glazing. After preparing the dough, you shape it, bake it, and then either apply a glaze or decorate with icing sugar (or any other edible decorations you can think of).

Dough Ingredients

  • 5 cups of all purpose flour (add more if needed)
  • 1/2 Cup of Sugar
  • 1/2 Cup of Milk
  • 1/2 Cup of Butter
  • 1/2 Cup of Water
  • 4 Eggs
  • 2 packets of yeast
  • 1 tsp of Salt

Optional Ingredients

You can customize this bread to your liking. Many recipes contain anise seed, but I prefer cinnamon. You can add one of the following:

  • Anise seed (1 tbsp)
  • Orange Zest (1 tbsp)
  • Cinnamon (1 tsp)

Glaze Ingredients

These ingredients are boiled in a saucepan for 2 mins and then brushed on the loaves when they are fresh out of the oven. After glazing, sprinkle the loaves with some sugar.

  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1/3 cup fresh orange juice
  • 2 tablespoons grated orange peel for zest

Alternative Glazes

If you don't like citrus there are other glazes you can try:

  • After baking brush the loaves with about 1/2 stick of melted butter and then dust with sugar.
  • Before baking brush the loaves with 1 beaten egg white and sprinkle with sugar.

Step 1

Put the following ingredients into a large bowl: 1 1/2 cups of flour (put the rest aside), 1/2 cup of sugar, 2 packets of yeast, 1 tsp of salt, and any extras like anise seed or cinnamon. I added 1 tsp of cinnamon.

Flour for Pan de Muerto
Sugar for Pan de Muerto
Yeast for Pan de Muerto
Salt for Pan de Muerto
Cinnamon for Pan de Muerto

Step 2

Mix these ingredients together and put aside. 

Pan de Muerto Dry Ingredients
Pan de Muerto Mixed Dry Ingredients

Step 3

In a saucepan heat the milk, butter, and water on medium heat until the butter has melted.

Butter for Pan de Muerto
Water for Day of the Dead Bread
Milk for Day of the Dead Bread

Milk for Day of the Dead Bread

Day of the Dead Bread Liquid Ingredients
Day of the Dead Bread Melted Ingredients

Step 4

Pour the contents of the saucepan into the bowl of dry ingredients and mix thoroughly.

Mixing Ingredients for Day of the Dead Bread
Mixing Ingredients for Pan de Muerto

Step 5

Add the 4 eggs and mix them in thoroughly.

Eggs for Day of the Dead Bread
Egg Mixture for Pan de Muerto

Step 6

Keep mixing while you slowly add the rest of the flour. It's quite hard work once the dough thickens (unless you have an electric mixer), but you should keep adding flour until it's soft and just slightly sticky.   

Adding Flour for Pan de Muerto
Day of the Dead Bread Dough

Step 7

Transfer the dough to a floured board and knead for 10 minutes until it is smooth and stretchy.

Dough Floured Board for Pan de Puerto
Kneading Dough for Day of the Dead Bread

Step 8

Put the dough in a greased bowl, cover with plastic wrap, and allow to rise and double in size. This should take about 90 min. If you put the bowl in a warm location it will help the dough rise.

Pan de Muerto Dough Bowl
Risen Pan de Muerto Dough

Shaping and Decoration

Your dough is now ready to be shaped and baked, so you need to decide which style of pan de muerto you prefer. There are no rules. You can make any shape you like. It's traditional to shape the dough into a bun and layer strips of dough on top so that they resemble bones. This style is then brushed with glaze and sprinkled with sugar after baking.

You can also shape the dough into a plain loaf and let your imagination run free by decorating it with colored icing or other edible decorations. Finally, you can make all kinds of shapes like skulls, figures, angels or animals, which can be glazed or decorated with colored icing.

Step 9

Take the dough back to the board and punch it down to size. You can now slice it into portions according to what shapes you're going to make.

Pushing Down the Dough
Dividing the Pan de Muerto Dough

Step 10

Now it's time to make your shapes.

In the photos below I'm making a traditional loaf by rolling dough to resemble bones.

Rolling Dough for Day of the Dead Bread
Pan de Muerto Traditional Dough

I also prepared a larger traditional loaf and shaped a plain loaf to decorate later with icing.

Large Traditional Pan de Muerto Loaf
Pan de Muerto Plain Dough

Lastly, I shaped a basic skull for decorating with icing. When shaping your skull, remember that the dough will rise considerably. So don't make the base too thick or it will distort and crack in the oven. You should also prepare it on the baking sheet because you won't be able to move it safely once it's done.

Cutting Teeth for Pan de Muerto
Shaping Pan de Muerto Skull
Pan de Muerto Skull Dough

Step 11

When you've finished shaping, allow the dough to rise for 1 hour.

Step 12

Now it's finally time for baking. Put the loaves on a baking sheet and bake at 350 degrees Fahrenheit for 20 to 40 minutes depending on the size of your dough shapes and the type of oven you have. Small shapes may only need 20 minutes, while large shapes will need well over 30 minutes. Don't worry too much about baking time. Unlike other breads, pan de muerto is easy to get right. Just supervise your bread closely and check it at regular intervals. Once it's a nice golden brown color it's ready.

Step 13

While your loaves are baking you can prepare the glaze. I like the citrus glaze, but you can also try one of the alternative glazes listed above.

Simply the boil 1/2 cup of sugar, 1/3 cup of orange juice and 2 tablespoons of orange zest in a saucepan for two minutes.

Orange Zest for Pan Muerto
Orange Juice and Sugar
Glaze for Pan de Muerto

Step 14

Take your bread of the dead loaves out of the oven and they should look something like this: 

Baked Traditional Pan de Puerto
Baked Pan de Muerto Skull

Step 15

Now it's time to apply the glaze while the bread is still warm. I decided to apply glaze to the traditional loaves but I left the skull plain and ready for the colored icing.

After you brush on the glaze sprinkle the bread with sugar. And if you're not doing any extra decorating, you're done!

Apply Glaze to Traditional Day of the Dead Bread
Traditional Pan de Muerto Sugar
Traditional Pan de Muerto
Day of the Dead Bread Macro
Pan de Muerto Macro
Small Pan de Muerto Macro

Step 16: Decoration

You can decorate your day of the dead bread with anything edible. I decided to use colored icing which I made using powdered sugar, food dye, vanilla extract, and some milk. To apply the icing to the bread you can use a food decorating pen or pastry bag, but a small plastic bag with a hole in one corner will work just as well.

I also used some glitter gel, which is ready-made icing you buy in handy tubes in a range of colors. For more ideas just go to any store with cake decorating supplies and you'll find other cool options.

You can have fun thinking up colorful designs. Just make sure that you let the bread cool down a bit before you apply the icing, because the heat can melt it and make it drip.

Below are some progress photos of how I decorated the plain loaf:

Applying Glaze to Plain Loaf
Mixing Icing
Decorating Pan de Muerto
Decorating Day of the Dead Bread
Decorating Pan de Puerto with a Flower
Pan de Muerto Decorated Icing
Finished Decorated Pan de Puerto

Now for the pan de muerto skull. You can opt for minimal decoration or elaborate designs, depending on your tastes. To give you some ideas, I took it to the extreme and piled on lots of icing!

Decorating Pan de Muerto Skull
Decorating Day of the Dead Bread Skull
Pan de Muerto Skull in Progress
Day of the Dead Bread Skull in Progress
Pan de Muerto Skull Finished

So that's how to make day of the dead bread! I hope you have as much fun making it as I did.

If you'd like to print a summary without all the photos, you can download this PDF version.

Return to the main Day of the Dead page.